Randys Bench

A repository for projects past and present


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The MC3356 SA and restarting a neglected Project

I‘ve decided that during the MC3356 SA boxing (rather slow it would seem) I’d finish up the remaining circuit tweaking before I get too far along. The plot below is pretty much what I had span-wise before alteration: It shows a span of a bit under 90MHz. The harmonic blip on the far right is 80MHz. I used a 10MHz square wave source here…

After a bit of L2 coil adjustments and a few re-cal’s I was able to nudge the span up to 100MHz (wahoo!) Below find the updated plot using the same source…The blip at the right is our 100MHz harmonic.

I upped the frequency source to 50MHz and the result follows:

And then up to 100MHz (My source is a bit wonky at this frequency):

In the top plot taken with the 10MHz source notice the non-linearity setting in around 70MHz. This is due to the varactor based tuning of the VCO and having but one sweep breakpoint adjustment. All is well and I’m overall quite pleased with this project!

With this SA now basically in hand I’m going to travel a bit back in time to a micro project I had begun but left in the wake of another. In October of 2017 I posted about a Z80-based project using two D/A converters to enable writing to a scope in X-Y mode. This project was taken from an old laboratory manual which accompanied the 1981 edition of the classic text book, The Art of Electronics. Not a complex project but takes up (at least for me) quite a few solderless breadboards.

I’ve finally begun working on the schematics for the initial D/A goal and I’ll post as they get completed. The 2nd goal will be getting an SP0256-AL2 speech chip I’ve had since the 80’s integrated into this simple Z80 project. Stay tuned…

All for now…Randy

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A Side of Python – Addendum

I thought I’d add some additional information on the PyDSA python-based spectrum analyzer discussed in the previous post. I thought it might be interesting to bring out the double conversion SW receiver I had boxed up to see how well the receiver’s VFO frequency (metering) matched up with PyDSA’s readings as well as the MC3356 SA’s display. Below shows the (still not enclosed ) receiver below:

For this experiment I’ll be using a DIY magnetic near field probe as well as a 3T pickup coil for the measurements which are then coupled to the Rigol DSO / MC3356 SA. These will be used near the VFO and the 2nd IF coils, but not so close as to pull the frequency too much. The initial tests picking up the VFO oscillations showed a rather limited effect as witnessed by the frequency counter readings. The DIY probes are shown below. Pretty simple builds using bits and pieces from the bins:

So first I looked at the receiver’s VFO coil region with the pickup loop. The VFO was set to a frequency of 20MHz: Here’s what the Rigol DS1054z showed:

VFO coil: 10MHz / Div

 

Detail: 20MHz VFO setting – 400KHz / Div

 

2nd IF Stage coil: 10MHz / Div

 

2nd IF Stage coil: 5MHz / Div Mag Field Probe

Next, using the PyDSA program and the Rigol DSO as the RF front end I re-visited similar measurements of the receiver’s HF coil’s…

SW VFO low end 16.3MHz input

 

SW VFO high end 23.8MHz input

 

SW 2nd Mixer coil low end 16.3MHz VFO freq / 10.7MHz IF frequency

Note: 1st spike is the 10.7MHz IF

 

SW 2nd Mixer coil high end 23.8MHz VFO freq / 10.7MHz IF frequency

The results indicate descent correlation between methods used for the experiments attempted. I plan at some point to expand the testing at a future point as well as get the receiver boxed up…we’ll see how that goes!

73 Randy


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The MC3356 Spectrum Analyzer…and a side of Python

Well I’d like to report I’ve made significant progress on enclosing the MC3356-based Spectrum analyzer but in fact I’ve accomplished little to this point. I managed to get a suitable module arrangement that will work with the chosen box (it’s really a bit small but, it’s what I have).

 

Secondly I made a quick pass on a front panel template (below).

But my attention wondered a bit when I ran across a post concerning a Python-based spectrum analyzer (PyDSA) which uses a Rigol DSO as a digitizing front end which feeds a data acquisition software based system. The program code was originally written for use with a Rigol DS1102 model but revisited in order to accommodate a DS1054Z scopes programming requirements.
Original Python project link:
https://rheslip.blogspot.com/2015/09/software-spectrum-analyzer-for-rigol_18.html

You’ll find this PyDSA.py file in the distribution download located here:
https://github.com/rheslip/PyDSA

My familiarity with Python was pretty much zero (and still is) when I began to setup the python environment on my Win7 x64 machine. Fortunately the process was straight forward enough to get things going after a little on-line reading. But, there was definitely some glitches along the way. Getting one of the program’s dependencies installed proved to be a challenge that lasted for a few days of frustration. PyVisa 1.4 simply would not install no matter what I tried. I was ready to give up on this till I made a slight change in the programs .cfg file which amazingly worked…don’t know why.

Below is a scan using the antenna that came with the RTL-SDR I bought a few years ago covering 0Hz to 200MHz. Evident is the FM radio band (88-108MHz) at center of plot:

Next is a scan of the 1MHz output from my square wave generator out to 50MHz:

Below is a plot from the MC3356 SA with a 500KHz square wave input:

Below is a plot from PyDSA with the same 500KHz square wave input:

If you’re not interested in loading Python and it’s dependencies below is a link to a windows executable which contains a few enhancements. Just run PyDSA exe from within the directory structure provided:

https://www.hamradioforum.net/threads/8477-Further-enhanced-PyDSA-software-spectrum-analyser-using-Rigol-DS1054Z-scope

In my case there’s a caveat…I was unable to to get the auto-scan to function properly whether I tried the PyDSA .py file or the compiled version. I think it must have to do with my Rigol DS1054z DSO and it’s firmware rev…don’t know for sure. So your mileage may vary. It does however work well in single scan mode. If you have any questions leave a comment. Happy to help.

One other thing…If you’re not aware of Fran Blanche’s YouTube channel and Podcast I highly recommend you take a look. She works on many interesting projects and has a refreshing take on science and electronics…
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCMLgHbpJ8qYqj3CkdbvC0Ww

See you soon…Randy


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The MC3356 Spectrum Analyzer…time for a proper box

While our house moving is ongoing I’ve still a few things which haven’t been boxed up yet (and a few I’ve unboxed…don’t tell my Wife please!). A few of the bits & bobs I’ve uncovered recently are the MC3356 Spectrum analyzer boards and it’s intended enclosure. Time to do something about it I’m thinking.

But first, Let’s see if the SA fared well enough after being relegated to storage for a while.

Getting things hooked up again it would seem all is well but needs a calibration re-visit. Looking at the VCO ramp linearity the breakpoint adjustment was a bit off.

VCO Breakpoint final adjust

 

Below, once the ramp breakpoint is optimised and the sweep cal pot tweeked, we find a spectral range quite near a maximum of 80MHz…not bad:

10MHz square 10MHz/Div

Next a detail of the previous plot harmonic shape charactor:

The linearity is not quite where it needs be on above plots but I think could be coerced a bit closer with a few more iterations of pot adjustments as they tend to interact with each other. Possibly it could use a few more breakpoint additions to the circuit to compensate for the inherent nonlinearities of varactor tuning…not really an issue. It is after all, a simple spectrum Analyzer. Speaking of issues, I may have reported in an earlier post that my implementation of zero span on the sweep/video card assembly did not work at all. I re-visited that circuit a few days ago and came up with a better, working solution. I added an additional switch position on the span (MHz/Div) rotary switch with a connection to circuit common. This is illustrated below (Rev C):

Find a larger version of the schematic above HERE

 

Along with this change I would recommend using a multi-turn pot for the center frequency adjustment R31. If not you might want to add back in the fine frequency control which I had previously removed. Here’s an additional plot of the 10MHz sine output from a previous project, the RF sweeper…The zero spur is located at the far left (normal for a superheterodyne SA and good for a calibration point).

So beyond some additional testing It’s about ready for a good boxing….oh I’m still thinking about the audio out feature…See you next time

Randy


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The Rev. George Dobbs, G3RJV Silent Key

From http://www.arrl.org:

03/11/2019

The founder of the GQRP Club and Amateur Radio author the Rev. George Dobbs, G3RJV, of Littleborough, England, died on March 11. He was 75. Dobbs was reported to have
been in ill health for some time and had been living in a care facility, where his condition deteriorated quite rapidly over the past few days. He was the honorary
secretary of the GQRP Club (G5LOW), which he founded in 1974 to cater to those interested in low-power Amateur Radio communication. Dobbs served as the editor for the club’s quarterly, SPRAT. Dobbs was the author of QRP Basics, The International QRP Collection (co-authored with Steve Telenius-Lowe, 9M6DXX), and Making a Transistor Radio.
He was a frequent Hamvention® attendee, and in 2015, he received the Hamvention “Technical Excellence Award.”

Thanks to Lee Boulineau, KX4TT

RIP George…


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A Few Fall Project Updates

A brief update covering some ongoing projects…

The compact stellar spectrograph (LRCSS) has been coming along nicely. I needed to cut a slot in one of the M42 extenders to accomidate the imaging lens focusing adjustment. Turned out OK although not my finest metal work…Here’s a few current images of what I’ve got.

In a future post I’ll capture a few additional photos of the spectrograph construction that I neglected to provide above.
Next I decided against doing a part 2 of the RSpec spectroscopy software review. Turns out, at least on my current Win7 machine, the needed DirectX drivers (for the ZWO camera) did work but not terribly well. The software video controls are a bit simplistic for my tastes. I think I prefer using Sharpcap for acquiring astro images and video captures. For $15US one gets the additional polar alignment feature as well as dark frame subtraction during live captures and live histogram views. It works well, although doesn’t provide the live spectral profile view which is nice. I’m back to VSpec (freeware) I’ve used in the past for spectral analysis along with a relatively newish program called BASS.
What’s next…Oh I assembled a rather simple illuminated cross hair for the right angle 35mm finder I recently put together to make finder viewing a bit less of a yoga exercise and more of a comfortable experience. And it does!

Next I purchased a new clock drive for the imaging mount. This being an Orion EQ-1M crystal controlled single-axis (RA only) sidereal rate drive. Arrived the other day. The issue with this particular drive for my mount is that it’s made for one of Orion’s EQ mounts with a 100 teeth RA gear as opposed to my own mount’s 144 teeth gear. This I was aware of from my research and doesn’t present a difficult one. It means that the new drive will run a bit slower in drive rate when using my present system (~ 2/3rd the speed .The crystal in place is a 3.58MHz variety and needs to be replaced by ideally a 5.12Mhz component. I have in my bins some 5.068Mhz crystals which will get me pretty close till I locate an ideal replacement part…

And I think that’s my short story for today…thanks for looking